Released in 2002, the 9/11 Commission Report as well as other after action reports on the responses to the 9/11 attacks, identified a number of communications failures and areas for improvement. Many of those were heeded, while some were lost within the myriad reorganizations and requirements that emerged in the years following 9/11. Communications issues persisted and showed themselves again on a national stage when Hurricane Katrina made landfall in 2005. The Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act (PKEMRA) of 2006 codified into law initiatives to address many of the areas for improvement we saw from 9/11, Hurricane Katrina, and other incidents. PKEMRA became one of the most significant pieces of emergency management legislation passed in the United States.